3rd generation: Forward osmosis. (preferable to Reverse Osmosis because of the low operating pressure.
However, extra space is required due to the requirement of additional process/equipment for draw solution regeneration)Water flux rate decreases inside Forward Osmosis (FO) module because of the concentration gradient.
Therefore, new technology is in need to promote the usage of the preferred FO technology by solving the aforementioned disadvantageous problems.
Utilizing low temperature waste heat
Utilize 70 C ~ 100 C Waste heat.
Salt Water can be used as draw solution.
Draw solution regeneration in one module.
Prevent FO performance deterioration.
No additional draw solution regeneration apparatus.
Patent Registered 2019.04.16
FO Combined Membrane can be integrated with distillation column
Forward Osmosis Combined Membrane
Forward osmosis combined membrane system does not require the additional system to recover the draw solution, because the regeneration function is built in the one module.
The combined membrane consists of Forward Osmosis and Pervaporation within one module. Three separated flow channels exist in the module. The one is for the feed solution, the other is for the draw solution, and another one is for the permeate stream.
When the water passes from the feed solution to the draw solution, the water product is simultaneously removed from the draw solution through the pervaporation membrane. Therefore, the draw solution is not diluted by the water flowing through the forward osmosis membrane. For that reason, the water flux through the forward osmosis membrane can be maintained at the high rate.
To get the product, the pervaporation is operating under the vacuum condition so that the water vaporizes at below 90℃. Consequently, the low temperature waste heat or the conventional solar heat recovery system can be utilized to produce the high purity water.
The integration of FO Combined membrane with distillation column in chemical and petrochemical plants is might be beneficial for the water recovery from wastewater. By utilizing the energy from the overhead of the column, the water can be obtained as the product and the valuable chemicals can be recovered to minimize the chemical loss.
Forward Osmosis Combined Membrane system enables efficient water production for desalination and water recovery.